Bipolar disorder | What is bipolar disorder?    causes and symptoms  - Health & Food

                  What is bipolar disorder?    causes and symptoms 


Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive  illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual  shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the   ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. Symptoms  of bipolar disorder are severe. They are different   from the normal ups and downs that everyone  goes through from time to time. Bipolar disorder
symptoms can result in damaged relationships,   poor job or school performance, and even suicide. But bipolar disorder can be  treated, and people with this illness can lead full and productive lives.
Bipolar disorder often develops in a person’s late teens or early adult years. At least half of all cases start before age 25.1 Some people have their fi rst symptoms during childhood, while others may develop symptoms late in life. Bipolar disorder is not easy to spot when it starts. The symptoms may seem like  separate problems, not recognized as parts of a larger problem. Some people suffer  for years before they are properly diagnosed and treated. Like diabetes or heart  disease, bipolar disorder is a long-term illness that must be carefully managed   throughout a person’s life.

                BIPOLAR DISORDER


What are the symptoms of bipolar disorder?

People with bipolar disorder experience unusually intense emotional states that occur in distinct periods called “mood episodes.” An overly joyful or overexcited state is called a manic episode, and an extremely sad or hopeless state is called a depressive episode. Sometimes, a mood episode includes symptoms of both mania and depression. This is called a mixed state. People with bipolar disorder also may be explosive and irritable during a mood episode.
Extreme changes in energy, activity, sleep, and behavior go along with these changes in mood. It is possible for someone with bipolar disorder to experience a long-lasting period of unstable moods rather than discrete episodes of depression or mania.
A person may be having an episode of bipolar disorder if he or she has a number of manic or depressive symptoms for most of the day, nearly every day, for at least one or two weeks. Sometimes symptoms are so severe that the person cannot function normally at work, school, or home

Behavioral Changes:

Talking very fast, jumping from one idea to another, having racing thoughts Being easily distracted Increasing goal-directed activities,
such as taking on new projects ,Being restless ,Sleeping little ,Having an unrealistic belief in one’s abilities
Behaving impulsively and taking ,part in a lot of pleasurable, high risk behaviors, such as spending sprees, impulsive sex, and impulsive  business investments.

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