Millet Health Benefits nutritional values
Millets are also rich sources of phytochemicals and micronutrients, play many roles in the body immune system. Millets have nutraceutical properties in the form of antioxidants which prevent deterioration of human health such as lowering blood pressure, risk of heart disease, prevention of cancer and cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, decreasing tumor cases etc.
Other health benefits are increasing the time span of gastric emptying, provides roughage to gastro intestine. Millet is an alkaline forming food. Alkaline based diet is often recommended to achieve optimal health.
Millets as a Healthy Food Millets serve as a major food component specifically among the non affluent segments in their respective societies. Various traditional foods and beverages such as roti, bread (fermented or unfermented), porridge, snack and fast foods, baby foods, millet wine, millet nutrition powder etc are made up of millets
Nutrient Values Millets :
Millets contain 60-70% carbohydrates,
7-11% proteins, 1.5-5% fat, and 2-7% crude fibre and are also rich in vitamins and minerals.
They are excellent source of vitamin B, magnesium, and antioxidants.
Millet is also a good source of other dietary minerals like manganese, phosphorus and iron. Millet proteins are good source of essential amino acids except lysine and threonine but are relatively high in sulphur.
Apart from this, someacids like linoleic, oleic and palmitic acids found in free form and monogalactosul, diacylglycerols, digalactosyl diacylglycerols, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatdyl serine and phosphatidyl choline in the found form present in millets Other fatty acids i.e. arachidic acid, behenic acid, erucic acid are found in trace amounts.
Millet oil could be a good source of linoleic acid and tocopherols Millet is an alkaline forming grain that is gluten-free . Vitamin B such as Niacin, folacin, riboflavin, and thiamine and phosphorus are present in millets that play a key role in energy synthesis in the body.
.Millets as a Healthy Food Millets serve as a major food component specifically among the non affluent segments in their respective societies. Various traditional foods and beverages such as roti, bread (fermented or unfermented), porridge, snack and fast foods, baby foods, millet wine, millet nutrition powder etc are made up of millets [2
Health Benefits of Millets:
Millets have many nutraceutical properties that are helpful to prevent many health problems such as lowering blood pressure, risk of heart disease, prevention of cancer and cardiovascular diseases, decreasing tumour cases etc.
Other health benefits are increasing the time span of gastric emptying, provides roughage to gastro intestine. Millet is an alkaline forming food. Alkaline based diet is often recommended to achieve optimal health, meaning when it combines with digestive enzymes. The soothing alkaline nature of millet helps to maintain a healthy pH balance in the body, crucial to prevent illnesses.
Millets and Diabetes:
Lower incidences of diabetes have been reported in millet-consuming population. Millet phenolics inhibits like alpha-glucosidase, pancreatic amylase reduce postprandial hyperglycemia by partially inhibiting the enzymatic hydrolysis of complex carbohydrates [. Inhibitors like
aldose reductase prevents the accumulation of sorbitol and reduce the risk of diabetes induced cataract diseases . Finger millet feeding controls blood glucose level improves antioxidant status and hastens the dermal wound healing process in diabetic rats
Millets and Cardiovascular Disease :
Millets are good sources of magnesium that is known to be capable of reducing the effects of migraine and heart attack. Millets are rich in phyto-chemicals containing phytic acid which is known for lowering cholesterol . Finger millet may prevent cardiovascular disease by reducing plasma triglycerides in hyperlipidemic rats
Millets and Celiac Disease
Celiac disease is an immune-mediated enteropathy triggered by the ingestion of gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. Millets are gluten-free, therefore an excellent option for people suffering from celiac diseases and gluten-sensitive patients often irritated by the gluten content of wheat and other more common cereal grains .
Millets and Cancer:
Millets are known to be rich in phenolic acids, tannins, and phytate that act as “antinutrients” However; these antinutrients reduce the risk for colon and breast cancer in animals. It is demonstrated that millet phenolics may be effective in the prevention of cancer .
Millets and Anti-Inflammatory Activity:
Ferulic acid is very strong antioxidant, free radical scavenging and antiinflammatory activity. Antioxidants significantly prevent tissue damage and stimulate the wound healing process. It is reported good antioxidant effects of finger millet on the dermal wound healing process in diabetes induced rats with oxidative stress-mediated modulation of inflammation
Millets and Aging :
The chemical reaction between the amino group of proteins and the aldehyde group of reducing sugars, termed as nonenzymatic glycosylation, is a major factor responsible for the complications of diabetes and aging.
Millets are rich in antioxidants and phenolics; like phytates, phenols and tannins which can contribute to antioxidant activity important in health, aging, and metabolic syndrome