The Water melon fruit has smooth, deep green or yellow colored thick exterior rind with light green or gray colored vertical stripes on the outer surface. Internally, the flesh is juicy, pink, red, or yellow in color with numerous small black seeds embedded in the middle third of the flesh.
ermelons are very low in calories (just 30 cal per 100 g) and fats yet very rich source of numerous health promoting phytonutrients and anti-oxidants that are essential for optimum health.
.Watermelon is an excellent source of Vitamin-A, which is a powerful natural anti-oxidant. 100 g fresh fruit provides 569 mg or 19% of daily-required levels of this vitamin. It is essential for vision and immunity. Vitamin-A is also required for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin. Consumption of natural fruits rich in vitamin-A is known to protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.
• It is also rich in anti-oxidant flavonoids like lycopene, betacarotene, lutein, zeaxanthin and cryptoxanthin. These antioxidants are found to be protective against colon, prostate, breast, endometrial, lung, and pancreatic cancers. Phytochemicals present in watermelon like Lycopene (4532 mcg/100 g) and carotenoids have the ability to help protect cells and other structures in the body from oxygen free radicals. Studies have also shown that lycopene protects skin damage from UV rays and from prostate cancer
• Watermelon fruit is a good source of potassium; Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure; thus offers protection against stroke and coronary heart diseases.
The use of herbal products is of global importance because of their low side effects, accessibility and affordability when compared with conventional medicine
The seed is used in the treatment of urinary tract infections, bed wetting, dropsy and renal stones, alcohol poisoning, hypertension, diabetic, diarrhoea and gonorrhoea